In the Divine Hierarchies, Dionysius arranges the choirs in great detail. The highest are the Seraphim, Cherubim, and Thrones, associated with the specific functions of love, knowledge, and power. In the middle are Dominations (or Dominions), Virtues, and Powers, associated with the universal governance of creation. And the lower hierarchy consists of Principalities, Archangels, and Angels, concerned with the direct administration of creatures in the world.
Pseudo-Dionysius (On the Celestial Hierarchy) and Saint Thomas Aquinas (Summa Theologiae) drew on passages from the New Testament, specifically Ephesians 1:21 and Colossians 1:16, to develop a schema of three Hierarchies, Spheres or Triads of angels, with each Hierarchy containing three Orders or Choirs. Saint Bonaventure summarized their nine offices as follows: announcing, declaring, and leading; regulating, enforcing, and commanding; receiving, revealing, and anointing.
In Matthew 18:10, Jesus said:
‘𝘚𝘦𝘦 𝘵𝘩𝘢𝘵 𝘺𝘰𝘶 𝘯𝘦𝘷𝘦𝘳 𝘥𝘦𝘴𝘱𝘪𝘴𝘦 𝘢𝘯𝘺 𝘰𝘧 𝘵𝘩𝘦𝘴𝘦 𝘭𝘪𝘵𝘵𝘭𝘦 𝘰𝘯𝘦𝘴, 𝘧𝘰𝘳 𝘐 𝘵𝘦𝘭𝘭 𝘺𝘰𝘶 𝘵𝘩𝘢𝘵 𝘵𝘩𝘦𝘪𝘳 𝘢𝘯𝘨𝘦𝘭𝘴 𝘪𝘯 𝘩𝘦𝘢𝘷𝘦𝘯 𝘢𝘳𝘦 𝘤𝘰𝘯𝘵𝘪𝘯𝘶𝘢𝘭𝘭𝘺 𝘪𝘯 𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘱𝘳𝘦𝘴𝘦𝘯𝘤𝘦 𝘰𝘧 𝘮𝘺 𝘍𝘢𝘵𝘩𝘦𝘳 𝘪𝘯 𝘩𝘦𝘢𝘷𝘦𝘯.’
These are the highest order or choir of angels. They are the angels who are attendants or guardians before God’s throne. They praise God, calling, “Holy Holy Holy is the Lord of Hosts”. The only Bible reference is Isaiah 6:1-7:
𝘐𝘯 𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘺𝘦𝘢𝘳 𝘰𝘧 𝘒𝘪𝘯𝘨 𝘜𝘻𝘻𝘪𝘢𝘩’𝘴 𝘥𝘦𝘢𝘵𝘩 𝘐 𝘴𝘢𝘸 𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘓𝘰𝘳𝘥 𝘴𝘦𝘢𝘵𝘦𝘥 𝘰𝘯 𝘢 𝘩𝘪𝘨𝘩 𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝘭𝘰𝘧𝘵𝘺 𝘵𝘩𝘳𝘰𝘯𝘦; 𝘩𝘪𝘴 𝘵𝘳𝘢𝘪𝘯 𝘧𝘪𝘭𝘭𝘦𝘥 𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘴𝘢𝘯𝘤𝘵𝘶𝘢𝘳𝘺.
𝘈𝘣𝘰𝘷𝘦 𝘩𝘪𝘮 𝘴𝘵𝘰𝘰𝘥 𝘴𝘦𝘳𝘢𝘱𝘩𝘴, 𝘦𝘢𝘤𝘩 𝘰𝘯𝘦 𝘸𝘪𝘵𝘩 𝘴𝘪𝘹 𝘸𝘪𝘯𝘨𝘴: 𝘵𝘸𝘰 𝘵𝘰 𝘤𝘰𝘷𝘦𝘳 𝘪𝘵𝘴 𝘧𝘢𝘤𝘦, 𝘵𝘸𝘰 𝘵𝘰 𝘤𝘰𝘷𝘦𝘳 𝘪𝘵𝘴 𝘧𝘦𝘦𝘵 𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝘵𝘸𝘰 𝘧𝘰𝘳 𝘧𝘭𝘺𝘪𝘯𝘨; 𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝘵𝘩𝘦𝘺 𝘸𝘦𝘳𝘦 𝘴𝘩𝘰𝘶𝘵𝘪𝘯𝘨 𝘵𝘩𝘦𝘴𝘦 𝘸𝘰𝘳𝘥𝘴 𝘵𝘰 𝘦𝘢𝘤𝘩 𝘰𝘵𝘩𝘦𝘳: 𝘏𝘰𝘭𝘺, 𝘩𝘰𝘭𝘺, 𝘩𝘰𝘭𝘺 𝘪𝘴 𝘠𝘢𝘩𝘸𝘦𝘩 𝘚𝘢𝘣𝘢𝘰𝘵𝘩. 𝘏𝘪𝘴 𝘨𝘭𝘰𝘳𝘺 𝘧𝘪𝘭𝘭𝘴 𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘸𝘩𝘰𝘭𝘦 𝘦𝘢𝘳𝘵𝘩.
𝘛𝘩𝘦 𝘥𝘰𝘰𝘳-𝘱𝘰𝘴𝘵𝘴 𝘴𝘩𝘰𝘰𝘬 𝘢𝘵 𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘴𝘰𝘶𝘯𝘥 𝘰𝘧 𝘵𝘩𝘦𝘪𝘳 𝘴𝘩𝘰𝘶𝘵𝘪𝘯𝘨, 𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘛𝘦𝘮𝘱𝘭𝘦 𝘸𝘢𝘴 𝘧𝘶𝘭𝘭 𝘰𝘧 𝘴𝘮𝘰𝘬𝘦. 𝘛𝘩𝘦𝘯 𝘐 𝘴𝘢𝘪𝘥: ‘𝘞𝘰𝘦 𝘪𝘴 𝘮𝘦! 𝘐 𝘢𝘮 𝘭𝘰𝘴𝘵, 𝘧𝘰𝘳 𝘐 𝘢𝘮 𝘢 𝘮𝘢𝘯 𝘰𝘧 𝘶𝘯𝘤𝘭𝘦𝘢𝘯 𝘭𝘪𝘱𝘴 𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝘐 𝘭𝘪𝘷𝘦 𝘢𝘮𝘰𝘯𝘨 𝘢 𝘱𝘦𝘰𝘱𝘭𝘦 𝘰𝘧 𝘶𝘯𝘤𝘭𝘦𝘢𝘯 𝘭𝘪𝘱𝘴, 𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝘮𝘺 𝘦𝘺𝘦𝘴 𝘩𝘢𝘷𝘦 𝘴𝘦𝘦𝘯 𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘒𝘪𝘯𝘨, 𝘠𝘢𝘩𝘸𝘦𝘩 𝘚𝘢𝘣𝘢𝘰𝘵𝘩.’
𝘛𝘩𝘦𝘯 𝘰𝘯𝘦 𝘰𝘧 𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘴𝘦𝘳𝘢𝘱𝘩𝘴 𝘧𝘭𝘦𝘸 𝘵𝘰 𝘮𝘦, 𝘩𝘰𝘭𝘥𝘪𝘯𝘨 𝘪𝘯 𝘪𝘵𝘴 𝘩𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝘢 𝘭𝘪𝘷𝘦 𝘤𝘰𝘢𝘭 𝘸𝘩𝘪𝘤𝘩 𝘪𝘵 𝘩𝘢𝘥 𝘵𝘢𝘬𝘦𝘯 𝘧𝘳𝘰𝘮 𝘵𝘩𝘦 𝘢𝘭𝘵𝘢𝘳 𝘸𝘪𝘵𝘩 𝘢 𝘱𝘢𝘪𝘳 𝘰𝘧 𝘵𝘰𝘯𝘨𝘴. 𝘞𝘪𝘵𝘩 𝘵𝘩𝘪𝘴 𝘪𝘵 𝘵𝘰𝘶𝘤𝘩𝘦𝘥 𝘮𝘺 𝘮𝘰𝘶𝘵𝘩 𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝘴𝘢𝘪𝘥: ‘𝘓𝘰𝘰𝘬, 𝘵𝘩𝘪𝘴 𝘩𝘢𝘴 𝘵𝘰𝘶𝘤𝘩𝘦𝘥 𝘺𝘰𝘶𝘳 𝘭𝘪𝘱𝘴, 𝘺𝘰𝘶𝘳 𝘨𝘶𝘪𝘭𝘵 𝘩𝘢𝘴 𝘣𝘦𝘦𝘯 𝘳𝘦𝘮𝘰𝘷𝘦𝘥 𝘢𝘯𝘥 𝘺𝘰𝘶𝘳 𝘴𝘪𝘯 𝘧𝘰𝘳𝘨𝘪𝘷𝘦𝘯
The Seraphim, meaning the “burning ones” are lit from within with brilliant light that manifests their passionate love for God. One of their most famous members, Lucifer (whose name means “light bearer”) was closest to God and known for his bright light, but fell from heaven and became a demon (Satan) when he decided to try to wrest God’s power for himself and rebelled, when he chose pride.
Luke 10: 18
𝘏𝘦 (𝘑𝘦𝘴𝘶𝘴 𝘊𝘩𝘳𝘪𝘴𝘵) 𝘴𝘢𝘪𝘥 𝘵𝘰 𝘵𝘩𝘦𝘮, ‘𝘐 𝘸𝘢𝘵𝘤𝘩𝘦𝘥 𝘚𝘢𝘵𝘢𝘯 𝘧𝘢𝘭𝘭 𝘭𝘪𝘬𝘦 𝘭𝘪𝘨𝘩𝘵𝘯𝘪𝘯𝘨 𝘧𝘳𝘰𝘮 𝘩𝘦𝘢𝘷𝘦𝘯.’
The cherubim angels protect God’s glory, and they also keep records of what happens in the universe. They are known for their wisdom.